ISSN 2415-3060 (print), ISSN 2522-4972 (online)
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JMBS 2019, 4(2): 21–26
https://doi.org/10.26693/jmbs04.02.021
Medicine. Reviews

Modern Aspects of Treatment of Depression

Kyselova A. A.1, Kravtsova E. S.2, Mishchenko D. O.2, Chernishova E. R.2
Abstract

Nowadays depression is a very serious problem for modern society. It influences not only how a person feels, but also it can interference with his or her thoughts and behavior. Different life events such as stress at work, traumatic accident, divorce, and so on can lead to depression. According to the fifth edition of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders to be diagnosed with depression several symptoms (the most important of them are depressed mood and loss of pleasure and interest in life) must be present during at least 2 weeks. There are two main types of treatment of depression which are used in therapy. However, still it is not enough, and scientists have not stopped, and are continuing working on developing new methods of treatment. The aim of this article was to review articles, Internet sources, chapters from textbooks connected with the main topic of our article. All these materials were used to show the most common ways of treatment of depression and alternative methods, which are becoming very popular nowadays. The material of research was in 19 native and foreign sources (articles, Internet sources, chapters from textbooks) which are connected with the main theme of this article. Results and discussion. There are two main branches of treatment of depression. They are psychological treatment (which divides into interpersonal psychotherapy, cognitive therapy, cognitive-behavioral therapy, behavioral activation, behavioral couples therapy), and biological treatment (electroconvulsive therapy, medications, transcranial magnetic stimulation). Every method has its advantages and disadvantages; however, still we have those patients who are treatment-resistant. And at the moment scientists focus on these patients and try to administer new alternative method (such as ketamine, hatha yoga, acupuncture, psilocybin, and so on) to decrease the level of side effects.

Keywords: depression, medications, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, cognitive-behavioral therapy, interpersonal psychotherapy, behavioral activation, transcranial magnetic stimulation, ketamine

Full text: PDF (Eng) 176K

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