The paper is dedicated to modern methodical approaches to solve scientific and practical tasks of training process of sportsmen who have mental retardation based on Special Olympics. The aim of systemic training programmes for Special Olympics is to provide the highest possible level of social adaptation for every athlete through the improvement of their physical, technical, tactical, psychological and theoretical efficiency by means of training and competitive activities in their kind(-s) of sport. There is an important scientific and practical issue which is concerned with the research and study of modern methodological problem which solves approaches to the training process of mentally retarded sportsmen according to the programmes of Special Olympiads. According to the requirements of Special Olympics each accredited programme has to offer a comprehensive year-round training sessions that should be supervised by qualified coaches abiding by the rules of Special Olympics and specificity of the event. Every athlete who practices this or that kind of sport must be competitive in this kind of sport. The aim of the paper was to characterize check of sessions as an integral component of sportsmen training system within the framework of Special Olympics programme. Methods and materials. Theoretical methods of analysis, method of comparison, sociological methods of documentary materials analysis and questionnaire, pedagogical methods of educational observation and pedagogical experiment were used in this investigation. Results and conclusions. Analysis of the existing Special Olympics training programmes for the official sports made it possible to elaborate the algorithm of their improvement and renewal. Also some ways for efficient utilization of basic training programmes are presented in article. Analysis of the available training Special Olympics programmes of the official sports allowed us generalizing methodological guidelines found in these information sources. It is an opportunity to create methodological regulations to conduct training sessions. These basic methodological items are as follows: emotional disposition, repeatability, laconic brevity, visualization, individualization, safety, controllability, activity, flexibility, graduality. Prospects for further investigations are associated with the development of training programmes from different kinds of sport for sportsmen with mental retardation based on developed algorithms and described methodical instructions.
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