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JMBS 2016, 1(2): 184–187
https://doi.org/10.26693/jmbs01.02.184
Medicine

State of Awareness of Freshers’ Groups Chortkiv State Medical College of Prevention of Iodine Deficiency Diseases

Senyuk L.V.
Abstract

The objective of the study. To broaden students knowledge about the function of iodine in the body. The notion of iodine deficiency, conditions and consequences. To study the problem of iodine deficiency among students freshers’ groups and enhance the level of knowledge on the subject. To deepen students' knowledge about the prevention of iodine deficiency. Object and methods. Survey was conducted among the students of Chortkiv State Medical College, the data were analyzed and statistical processing were made using the computer program "Exsel." Results and discussion. The problem of prevention of iodine deficiency disorders among the population of Ukraine, as in many countries, is important. So we decided to find out the awareness of freshers’ groups in terms of prevention of iodine deficiency disorders. For survey was designed questionnaire that contained the following question: "Do you cosume seafood 2 times a week?", "Do you use iodized salt?". In processing the results of 454 freshers’ groups questionnaires were analyzed. Among 103 respondents were boys (23%) and girl 351 (77%) aged 14 to 22 years, the average age of respondents 18 years. Upon learning of students questionnaires revealed that 151 students (33%) have a seafood diet two times a week. As for iodized salt, almost all respondents have heard of it but only 198 students (44%) use it in their diet. The data again highlight the low level of awareness among students about the consequences of iodine deficiency. This suggests that it is necessary to conduct explanatory work among students on prevention of diseases caused by lack of iodine in the body. It is well known that the efficiency to overcome iodine deficiency depends primarily on the level of awareness of the problem of iodine deficiency and solutions. So students can be offered several keys pieces of advice of prevention of iodine deficiency diseases. For mass prophylaxis would be best to use iodized salt. Lack of information can be overcome by introducing awareness-raising programs, interactive forms of knowledge and for the formation of life skills for the prevention of diseases that can occur when there is a lack of iodine in the body. Conclusions. The data again highlight the low level of awareness among students about the consequences of iodine deficiency. This suggests that it is necessary to conduct explanatory work on preventing diseases caused by lack of iodine in the body. Information will be aimed at encouraging regular consumption of iodine-containing foods. Saturation their diet will largely decide on adequate supply of sufficient iodine.

Keywords: awareness, iodine deficiency and prevention

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